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2016-05-21 07:16:59|  分类: 教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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从雅思考试反观阅读教学

我的一位师妹教授英语专业综合英语课程,兼任中方雅思考官。前不久,我们谈论阅读考试话题,她说,把英语“专八”和雅思考试的阅读题进行一番比较,发现中英阅读测试意图大不相同。我很欣赏她的观点,想看雅思考试真题,可手头没有资料。近日,她送我一本《雅思考试官方指南》新书和几套真题。

雅思阅读考题有3篇文章,每篇约700词,设2-3个任务,3篇共设40道题。作答时间60分钟,每篇20分钟。以一套真题为例,呈现阅读题型。

READING

READING PASSAGE 1(略)

Questions 1-7

Reading Passage 1 has seven paragraphs, A-G.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number, i-ix, in boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings

i   The search for the reasons for an increase in population

ix  Comparisons with Japan lead to the answer

1   Paragraph A

7   Paragraph G

Questions 8-13

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1

In boxes 8-13 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE                 if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE               if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN     if there is no information on this

8. Chinas transport system was not suitable for industry in the 18th century.

注:第一篇文章设两个任务,段落标题匹配和文本主题正误判断。

READING PASSAGE 2

Questions 14-17

Reading Passage 2 has six paragraphs, A-F.

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-F, in boxes 14-17 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

14   a reference to the influence of the domestic background on the gifted child.

17  

Questions 18-22

Look at the following statements (Questions 18-22) and the list of people below.

Match each statement with the correct person or people, A-E.

Write the correct letter, A-E, in boxes 18-22 on your answer sheet

18   Less time can be spent on exercises with gifted pupils who produce accurate work.

22  

List of People

A  Freeman

E  Boekaerts

Questions 23-26

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answer in boxes 23-26 on your answer sheet.

23   One study found a strong connection between childrens IQ and the availability of _____

   and ____ at home.

24 

注:第二篇文章设三个任务:(1)“六选四”题,匹配段落信息,个别段落可能含2条信息;(2)人物及其观点匹配;(3)读文填词,每格不超2个词。

READING PASSAGE 3(略)

Questions 27-31

Complete the summary using the list of words, A-L, below.

Write the correct letter, A-L, in boxes 27-31 on your answer sheet.

The value attached to original works of art

People go to art museums because they accept the value of seeing an original work of art. But they do not go to museums to read original manuscripts of novels, perhaps because the availability of novels has depended on 27 _____ for so long and also because with novels,

      

A  institution    B  mass production    C mechanical processes

J  readers       K  picture frames     L  assistants

Questions 32-35

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

Write the correct letter on boxes 32-35 on your answer sheet.

32 

Questions 36-40

Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading Passage 3?

In boxes 36-40 on your answer sheet, write

       YES                    if the statement agree with the views of the writer

       NO                      if the statement contradicts the views of the writer

       NOT GIVEN      if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

36   Art history should focus on discovering the meaning of art using a range of media.

注:第三篇文章设3项任务:一是“十二选五”,在一则总结性短文(120词)空格处,填入合适的选项;二是“四选一”,即单选题,仅4道小题;三是作者观点正误判断题。

从本套阅读考题看,上述8个阅读理解任务可以综合为4类题型,即:单选题(32-35)、信息匹配题(1-7,14-17, 18-22, 27-31)、词语填空题(23-26)、正误判断题(8-1336-40)。

从试题研制风格看,雅思阅读题体现五大特点:一是多样性,考题类型大大超过我们高考单选题和“七选五”;二是多用性,指的是同一篇文章有多种用途,可设计2-3项任务;三是不确定性,答案选项较多,且个别题有两个答案,增加了答题难度;四是表达性,除了传统标准化试题打勾外,还有画、标、写等答题方式;五是思辨性,要求比对词义、意义匹配、识别事实与观点、限制作答词数、总结概括。显然,这种命题形式更贴近地气,对阅读教学有导向性意义。

雅思考试是国际化大型测试品种,具有很大的影响力,某些题型已经或即将进入我国高考英语试卷。从雅思考试反观英语阅读教学,得到三点启示:

第一,平时课文教学须对应雅思阅读测试意图,在阅读教学中尝试设计类似的学习任务,如引导学生开展概括段落大意、判别话语意义、梳理文本主线等活动。

第二,阅读教学应当注重思维训练,应特别关注抽象概括、求同辨异、模仿创造能力的培养。学思结合的现成课例有限,教师要有为思而教之意识,自觉实践与探索。

第三,雅思考题篇幅长任务多,阅读速度太慢,难以完成任务。平时要引导学生进行大量的长篇阅读,只有长期足量的阅读积累,才能提高阅读素养。

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